HOW DOES AN ADVANCED TASER
Upon firing, compressed nitrogen projects two ADVANCED TASER
probes 15 feet at a speed of 135 feet per second. An electrical
signal transmits throughout the region where the probes make
contact with the body or clothing. The result is an instant loss
of the attacker's neuromuscular control and any ability to
perform coordinated action. ADVANCED TASER uses an automatic
timing mechanism to apply the electric charge. The ADVANCED
TASER releases an electric current in a pre-set time sequence
(an initial seven seconds followed by several 1.8 second breaks
for a total time of about 30 seconds in each cycle). This cycle
ensures that the nervous system of the target does not recover
instantly to allow him to remove the probes. The follow-on
bursts disrupt the process of re-equilibration of the nervous
system. While the target is disabled, the user can place the
device on the ground and escape.
HOW CAN THE ADVANCED TASER BE SO
EFFECTIVE YET NON-INJURIOUS?
The ADVANCED TASER does not depend upon impact or body
penetration to achieve its effect. Its pulsating electrical
output interferes with communication between the brain and the
muscular system, resulting in loss of control. However, the
ADVANCED TASER is non-destructive to nerves, muscles and other
body elements. It simply affects them in their natural mode.
More importantly, no deaths have ever been directly attributed
to the TASER .
WHAT HAS TESTING REVEALED REGARDING THE
ADVANCED TASER? Anesthesiologist and
specialist in medical electronics, Dr. Frank Summers, MD of St.
Joseph's Hospital, Orange, California, directed tests of
volunteers at St. Joseph's in 1971 and 1974. Dr. Summers stated,
"...We undertook this [volunteer test] in the operating rooms at
St. Joseph's Hospital. We had an assembly of cardiovascular
surgeons, cardiologists... we had a real [TASER]. We tested
extensively and made movies. The tests were impressive. We
monitored all parameters of physiology, including
electrocardiographs. The tests did not produce any lethal
effects and we found that the background work that had been done
did indeed pan out in practice."
DOES THE TASER AFFECT THE HEART OR A
The ADVANCED TASER's output is well below the level established
as "safe" by the federal government in approving such devices as
the electrified cattle fence. In a medical study of the Model XR
5000Ô electronic stun gun, Dr. Robert Stratbucker of the
University of Nebraska Medical Center confirmed that the T-Wave
does not interrupt the heartbeat or damage a pacemaker. Any
modern pacemaker is designed to withstand electrical
defibrillator pulses that are hundreds of times stronger than
the ADVANCED TASER's output. The ADVANCED TASER current of 0.3
joules is well below the 10-50 joule threshold above which
cardiac ventricular fibrillation can occur.
ISN'T HIGH VOLTAGE LETHAL?
High voltage, in itself, is not dangerous. One can receive a
25,000-volt shock of static electricity from a doorknob on a dry
day without harm. The physiological effect of electrical shock
is determined by: the current, its duration, and the power
source that produces the shock. The typical household current of
110 volts is dangerous because it can pump many amperes of
current throughout the body indefinitely. By contrast, the
ADVANCED TASER power supply consists of an alkaline 9-Volt
battery that is capable of supplying less than three watts of
electrical power for a few minutes.
WILL THE TASER CAUSE ELECTROCUTION?
No. The output is metered by the electronics and the electrical
energy in each pulse is always the same, regardless of the
target condition. The electrical output will not be transferred
from one person to another even if they touch. ADVANCED TASER,
Inc.'s president has been stunned by an ADVANCED TASER while
standing in water to emphasize this point.
WHAT ARE THE AFTEREFFECTS?
A person hit with an ADVANCED TASER will feel dazed for several
minutes. The pulsating electrical output causes involuntary
muscle contractions and a resulting sense of vertigo. It can
momentarily stun or render an attacker unconscious. Yet, the
ADVANCED TASER's low electrical amperage and short duration of
pulsating current, ensures a non-lethal charge. Moreover, it
does not cause permanent damage or long-term aftereffects to
muscles, nerves or other body functions. A January 1987 Annals
of Emergency Medicine study reported TASER technology leaves no
long term injuries compared with 50% long term injuries for gun
MUST THE PROBES PENETRATE THE BODY TO
No. The electrical current will "jump" up to two inches as long
as both probes are attached to clothing or skin. At most, only
the 3/8-inch needlepoint will penetrate the skin. They have less
energy than a spring propelled BB.
WHAT IF THE PROBES MISS?
The ADVANCED TASER can be used in a touch-stun mode. The user is
thus provided with a final backup if the probes miss the target.
Should the user miss or engage a second attacker, he can touch
the unit directly to the target and it will work like a powerful
WHAT IS THE BEST-SHOT AT MAXIMUM RANGE?
As long as the spread of the probes is at least six inches, the
ADVANCED TASER will be extremely effective. To ensure that the
spread is greater than six inches, the ADVANCED TASER should be
fired at a target several feet away. The optimum shot is from
seven to ten feet away form the target to achieve maximum
effect. At seven to ten feet away - the spread of the probes
will be approximately 16 inches, ensuring that the target
receives the most efficient T-Wave flow.
DOES TEMPERATURE HAVE A DETRIMENTAL EFFECT ON
THE ADVANCED TASER? No. The ADVANCED
TASER utilizes compressed nitrogen (an inert gas). The ADVANCED
TASER compressed air capsules have successfully held their
charges at temperatures of minus 20º F and up to 160º F.
Moreover, altitude will not adversely effect the firing of an
ADVANCED TASER. In addition, the temperature will not effect the
T-Wave. However, as with any product containing polycarbonates
and other thermoplastics, the ADVANCED TASER and Air Cartridges
should never be left in direct sunlight.